The Ghana Centre for Democratic Development (HDC-Hana) presented an evaluation report on the election programmes of the ruling New Patriotic Party (PPP) and the main opposition National Democratic Congress (NDC) until 2020.
The aim of this 140-page report is to open the Manifesto value chain to the views and opinions of citizens, key experts and the media and to make the Manifesto more effective in addressing critical long-term development and national governance issues.
It is also about building trust, speed and responsibility in this process.
Honorary Professor Takyivaa Manuh Manuh, Vice Chairman of the National Development Planning Commission (NDPC), presented the report, which was funded by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Commonwealth and Development Affairs (FCDO).
She said one of the main points of the report was the excessive emphasis on the contribution of manifestos to results, adding that these should not only focus on the implementation of social policies for the benefit of voters, but should also ensure that policies are aimed at combating poverty, equality and transparency.
Dr. Koho Asante, Director of Advocacy and Political Engagement at CDD-Ghana, thanked the media for supporting the project through continued advocacy and discussion on manifestos as the main tool to influence aviation policy.
As we move from post-election manifestos to medium-term government policies and programmes, HDR Ghana will continue to work with all stakeholders to consolidate results, strengthen social accountability and increase inclusion in Ghana.
CDD-Gana has launched a project called CDD-Gana: Promote responsible and responsible events for inclusive development in January 2020.
The evaluation report analysed the NDC and NPP 2020 manifestos and focused on how they address a number of important transformation and structural issues in some of the sectors identified.
The evaluation focused on four main sectors, namely social protection, health, education and the economy.
In the economic field, both sides are committed to maintaining macro-economic stability while developing and diversifying key sectors and creating jobs.
However, Ghana’s fiscal room for manoeuvre is likely to be severely constrained in the medium term, as evidenced by falling revenues.
This means that the financing of these commitments and proposed programmes will require a number of political considerations if they are to become a reality.
As regards social protection, the report stresses the need for a legal framework to support social protection policies.
He noted that most social protection policies are discretionary and that any government can say that it is not interested and that the sustainability of the programmes may be compromised.
As regards the health sector, both sides have pledged to increase the number of health workers by making up for the shortage of graduates waiting for jobs through training and employment.
Both parties also stressed the need to ensure an equitable distribution of medical staff.
However, he noted that among the challenges that may hamper implementation are new training facilities that can exploit the skills needed to train both low and highly specialised medical staff.
The report notes that a more robust and well thought-out strategy will be needed, going beyond the construction of new educational facilities.
As regards education, it was stated that in Ghana about 400,000 children do not attend school and that the percentage of early school leavers in primary education is about 20 percent, which has a negative impact on improving equal access.
The report indicates that the SPT has proposed to make student cards available for the supervision of children not attending school and to introduce an enhanced retention policy.
The report states that the NDC has proposed to support children in underprivileged communities by providing them with the necessary support and incentives to stay in school, in order to prevent early school leaving and promote equal access.
However, no specific interventions to assist monitoring and enforcement were mentioned.
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